Energy is crucial to development, economic power, and unfortunately, there is a dearth of reliable energy in a lot of Africa – both in rural and urban areas.
Can micro-grids plug this gap? Microgrids are local, independent energy grids serving a discrete geographic area. Within the microgrid is an energy generation component. We use clean energy, and this guides us to solar panels, wind turbines, generators (in hybrid deployments) for energy generation. There is also a storage component using batteries. The microgrid has a distribution network interconnecting to nearby buildings – homes, businesses, utilities, providing power for appliances, lighting, heating/cooling, etc. as required. Microgrids are managed by sophisticated software and control systems to ensure the continuous balance between electricity generation and demand.